Painting wood surfaces is one of the most popular wood treatments. With the help of paint, you can create a unique interior design without spending a lot of money and effort. You can even paint a wooden surface yourself, which is most often done by the owners who are planning to repair the house. So that after processing the wood not only looks good, but also be in excellent condition for a long time, you need to know how to paint the wood correctly and what kind of paint is needed for this.
For surface treatment indoors, you can use one of 4 types of paints: acrylic, alkyd, water-dispersion and polyurethane. Any of the paints must contain a pigment, a base that binds all the components and forms a surface film, various fillers for surface gloss and its strength, as well as additives with which the paint dries faster and makes the surface resistant to fire.
Acrylic paint is distinguished by its low price, which, at the same time, did not greatly affect the quality of the composition. It is also quite practical, which is confirmed in conditions of sharp temperature changes and frequent exposure to sunlight. In addition, the paint prevents the wood from rotting and crumbling. Due to the dense consistency of the paint, which is evenly distributed over the surface, it creates a coating resistant to mechanical stress. Acrylic-based paints dry quickly, which is also a significant advantage.
Alkyd paint is equally successfully used for indoor and outdoor use. It consists of alkyd varnish, solvent, coloring additives and fillers. For more than 4 years, alkyd paint has been protecting the surface from the effects of various negative factors. It can withstand both very low and very high temperatures. Also, alkyd enamel has good water resistance, high resistance to mechanical damage. It dries long enough - 2-3 days. It is inexpensive.
Water-based paint with water as a thinner is an environmentally friendly option for the home. This paint is sold in the form of a paste with a liquid consistency, which must be diluted with a certain amount of water immediately before use. Drying, the water from the paint evaporates, as a result of which the paint hardens and becomes resistant to influencing factors. Such paint dries quickly - it will take only a few hours, besides, it has no smell, which is a huge plus for rooms. Has good water resistance, resistance to mechanical stress. It can serve as long as 15 years. Easy to operate and relatively inexpensive.
The polyurethane paint has a good consistency, which allows it to adhere perfectly to the wood surface and form a surface with high protective properties. This paint is highly resistant to various external factors. Non-toxic, non-flammable. Has a huge difference in colors and shades.
What paint to choose
Knowing what paints exist for treating wooden surfaces, it already becomes easier with the choice. By the distinctive characteristics, you can determine the most suitable in your case. But if you have not yet understood which paint is right for your case, then the following tips will help you.
If you are faced with the task of giving color to interior doors, floors, skirting boards, then it is best to use a water dispersion paint.
To hide irregularities, for example, when decorating a house from a bar, it is best to take acrylic paint.
For the treatment of walls, floors, doors and other wooden elements in a children's room, it is best to give preference to acrylic paints with the ability to easily wash them off, as well as with a note about the environmental friendliness of the composition.
Polyurethane paint can be used to paint floors and stairs.
For rooms with high humidity, it is worth using compounds with an antifungal effect, for example, acrylic paint.
Alkyd paint has a strong smell, so it is rarely used for interior work. But it evens out surfaces perfectly.
Rating of paints for wood for interior work
Tikkurila is a Finnish company that produces impeccable quality compounds for the treatment of interior and exterior coatings.
Tikkurila Empire base
Tikkurila Empire base is a paint that is suitable for painting wood and metal surfaces, as well as for finishing furniture. Alkyd based. Packaged in cans of 0.255 l, 0.9 l, 2.7 l and 9 l. The paint has many advantages and is ideal for interior use. Has a semi-matte effect, there is a slight sheen. The price for a can of 0.9 liters is 700-800 rubles.
Tikkurila Empire base
easy to use;
does not flow;
does not splash;
the smell is weak, barely noticeable;
can acquire any color from the catalog;
dries for 3 hours.
- another quality paint for wood surfaces. The price for a 0.9 liter can is about 700 rubles.
lies down easily;
dries up in 3-4 hours;
a wide range of colors;
dense, one layer is enough.
has a mild odor.
About the features of the material - in the video:
Is a Finnish company that cares not only about the quality of its products, but also about their environmental friendliness. The company's advanced technology allows it to excel in this matter.
TEKNOS biora balance water-based is practically odorless, perfect for painting even a children's room.
does not contain solvents;
matte beautiful finish;
hides small irregularities;
Is a German brand with 100 years of history. Produces a huge number of different products for interior and exterior surfaces. The first cold water-soluble paint was invented.
Alpina Aqua Buntlack is an acrylic based paint that produces a beautiful gloss. Available in 0.7 l and 2.5 l cans.
does not have an unpleasant odor;
many saturated colors;
expensive - 2000 rubles for 2.5 liters.
Is an Austrian paint manufacturer with a good reputation in Europe.
ADLER Lignovit Color is an acrylic paint that provides long-term protection of wood surfaces. Prevents mold, mildew and blue from penetrating. Suitable for all wooden elements, both indoors and outdoors.
does not crack after a long time;
the price is almost 4000 for 4 liters.
Is a very large and popular American company that often offers innovative products to its customers.
ACE Contractor Pro Interior Wall Paint is an acrylic paint for interior works, suitable not only for wood, but also for drywall, wood, brick and other surfaces.
does not exfoliate;
covers irregularities well.
sold in large quantities, more suitable for large-scale works.
- a Russian company known for its products for the processing of wooden surfaces, in which it has achieved great success.
SENEZH AQUADECOR is an antiseptic with the main task of protecting the wooden surface. There is a fairly large palette of colors.
protects the tree as much as possible from the effects of various negative factors;
there is no unpleasant smell;
many colors to choose from.
it is not always possible to achieve the color that is indicated;
more consumption than indicated by the manufacturer.
What paint did you choose?
Tikkurila Empire base 28%, 175 of votes
175 of votes28%
175 votes - 28% of all votes
TEKNOS 18%, 113 of votes
113 of votes18%
113 votes - 18% of all votes
SENEZH 15%, 94 vote
94 votes - 15% of all votes
There is no such firm here 12%, 75 of votes
75 of votes12%
75 votes - 12% of all votes
ALPINA 11%, 66 of votes
66 of votes11%
66 votes - 11% of all votes
Tikkurila Miranol 8%, 53 vote
53 votes - 8% of all votes
ADLER 5%, 32 vote
32 votes - 5% of all votes
ACE PAINT 3%, 18 of votes
18 of votes3%
18 votes - 3% of all votes
Total Votes: 626
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Indoor wood surface painting technology
Before applying the selected paint to a surface, it is necessary to prepare this surface. This work consists of several stages:
Removing mold and mildew is the most important preparatory stage. If there is such damage to the wood, then it is necessary to treat the wood with special preparations.
We remove irregularities - there will certainly be knots on the new wooden surface. They need to be removed. There may also be resin. It must be heated with a special hair dryer and removed. Places are sanded with sandpaper. It is also necessary to cover these places with shellac - the product will help prevent the release of resin.
Removing the old coating, if any. Cracked paint can be removed with a spatula, if there is a technical hairdryer, then it will be very useful here. It will soften the paint and make it easier to remove. Then we rub the remaining material with sandpaper.
We remove defects. If there are holes in the wood, they must be putty. Finding a putty is easy - you just need to make sure it is suitable for wood surfaces. After the putty, we level it with sandpaper.
Degreasing is a mandatory step, without which high-quality painting is impossible. In this case, you will need a nitro solvent or extraction gasoline. We process all the wood with a liquid to eliminate the presence of greasy stains. Then brush the entire surface with a brush.
After the preparatory stage, the surface must be primed. This is necessary in order for the paint to adhere better to the surface. Also, thanks to the primer, less paint consumption is obtained. And the primer also helps prevent stains from showing through the paint. For priming, use drying oil or a colorless primer specifically for wood. After a day, you can start painting.
To apply paint correctly, you need to know a few points:
Application is best done with a flat, wide brush. A spray gun is also great.
It is not necessary to collect a lot of paint on the brush, it is enough to lower it by a third into the solution.
For best application, brush along the grain of the tree, not across.
The brush should be driven smoothly and should not be pressed hard against the surface.
Painting is carried out in two or three passes.First, the first thin layer is applied, then you need to wait for drying, apply the second thin layer. Then, if necessary, you can apply a third layer. It should be remembered that it will be more effective to apply several thin layers than one thick layer. A few more tips to ensure that your painting is of the highest quality and looks like it was done by professionals, even if this is your first time:
To avoid showing the stripes from the brush, the last layer should be applied from top to bottom.
For an even color of the paint, it is necessary to thoroughly stir the mixture before application.
The color does not always correspond to the color stated on the package, so it is better to make a test stroke before painting.
Degreasing with an alkali solution before painting will improve the adhesion of the paint to the surface, which means it will make the painting more durable.
Painting should not be carried out in high room temperatures as the paint will dry faster and may result in poorer results.
For surface finishes in a modern style, you can combine two colors when painting. Usually, in this case, a darker shade is applied with the first layer, and a lighter and brighter shade with the second. An interesting effect is obtained.
To create the effect of bleached oak, you need to use light paint, which is applied in a thin layer two to three times.
About possible mistakes in painting a tree - in the video:
Thus, the paint of the Finnish company Tikkurila is rightfully considered the best paint for wood. Paints from Teknos and Alpina have also proven themselves well. But in order to paint the wooden surfaces inside the room with the highest quality, not only paint is important, but also the skills of the master. Therefore, before doing this work, it is better to familiarize yourself with the technology of proper painting of wood.