1. What is selenium. Why does the body need.
  2. Benefit for health
  3. The best Russian vitamins with selenium
  4. Best Imported Selenium Vitamins
  5. When there is too little selenium
  6. When there is too much selenium
  7. Doctor's advice
  8. conclusions

Ranking of the best selenium vitamins for 2020

Ranking of the best selenium vitamins for 2020

The environmental situation, lifestyle and unhealthy diet negatively affect human health. Therefore, in 2020, the prevention of diseases, the most important part of which is the rationalization of nutrition, should be given special attention.

The inclusion of correctly selected mineral elements and vitamins in the daily diet is not always possible. The deficiency can be replenished with the help of vitamin complexes or food supplements with selenium, which affects all types of immunity.

What is selenium. Why does the body need.

It is an integral part of proteins, liposaccharides, enzymes. Known as an element of longevity. It is also part of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione, which protects the cells of the body from damage and oxidative stress.

It was discovered by a Swedish scientist who investigated the production of sulfuric acid in the early 19th century, by amilia Gripsholm.

He received his name from Selene (from the Greek Moon), since he was constantly with tellurium, which received the name Tellus - Earth. But only in the second half of the XX century, it was recognized as vital for humanity.

Possesses carcinogenic properties - slows down the development of malignant tumors. It is used to treat male fertility - it provides sperm motility. The element is also used for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. In addition, studies have shown that Se is able to protect the body from harmful substances such as lead, cadmium, thallium, and mercury.

Chemical structure

Selenium, Se is a chemical element of Mendeleev's periodic table with atomic number 34. Belongs to group VI. The chemical properties are similar to arsenic.

Natural Se is rare. It is a mixture of six isotopes. The source of accumulation is most often igneous rocks or thermal waters. Isomorphic Se impurities are characteristic of native sulfur and sulfides.

Se, obtained by chemical means, is amorphous, brick-red powder. It melts quickly to form a glassy soot.

Due to the type of chemical bonds, that is, the molecular structure, it exists in a variety of allotropic forms:

  • Amorphous. By chemical composition, it is divided into colloidal, powdery, vitreous. Colloidal, powdery, red in color. Obtained by cooling Se vapors. Glassy black. To obtain it is heated to more than 220 degrees, then quickly cooled. Vitreous glistens, very fragile.
  • Crystalline - hexagonal, monoclinic. Hexagonal gray. It is obtained by heating to the melting point of other forms of the element (220 degrees), then slowly cooling.

Se used for electrophotographic copiers, as toner for photographic manufacturers. Expands the range of black and white photographic images. It is widely used for giving fine grain structure to cast steel.

It is also used in the production of essential medicines. Modern pharmacology recommends medicinal products for use in which Se forms compounds with bioligands (biological substances), for example, selenocysteine, selenomethionine, or bivalent organic forms of Se. They are effective, safe, but expensive.

Attention! The labeling of medicinal products should be easy to read, understandable, reliable, not misleading consumers.

Acceptable dose

Selenium as a trace element is very important for the life of humans and animals.

Due to non-compliance with the sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the quality of the soil, people are prone to cancer, cardiovascular diseases. For prevention, treatment, compounds such as selenite or sodium selenate are used, included in various vitamin complexes, and animal feed is also enriched with this element.

According to research by the US Academy of Sciences, the human body needs very little Se per day to maintain health - 55 mcg for adults, 70 mcg for women during pregnancy and lactation, 15-30 mcg for children according to age.

You do not need to assign anything to yourself. Excess or decrease in dosage should be done under the supervision of a specialist.

According to WHO, the permissible intake of selenium per day is 400 mcg. Exceeding this threshold can lead to undesirable consequences.

What products contain

The element is not synthesized by the body, only comes from the outside. 10-20 grams of Brazil nuts can satisfy the daily requirement. However, the opportunity to eat Brazil nuts every day is not available to everyone.

Selenium is also found in sea water and most seafood - fish, squid, shrimp, crabs, mussels, seaweed.

Important. During cooking, the content of all elements and salts is reduced, but if you consume at least 200 g of seafood per day, a selenium deficiency can be avoided.

Se is concentrated in the kidneys of domestic animals - rams and pigs. But eating 100-200 g of kidneys daily is not a pleasure for everyone.

Not the last position in the ranking of selenium-containing food products is occupied by cereals, especially sprouted grains, wheat bran. Contains large amounts of wholemeal bread. Moreover, more is contained in the dough prepared with sourdough - it neutralizes phytin, which absorbs important micronutrients, including Selenium.

The required amount of a trace element to meet the daily dose contains some vegetables - radishes, beets, tomatoes, cabbage, garlic. Among the fruits - an orange, among the berries - raspberries, blueberries.

Satisfying the daily dose is almost impossible. Therefore, to maintain immunity and normal life, it is necessary to artificially introduce a small amount of a trace element.

Benefit for health

Small amounts of a trace element are vital for a person. The main part is concentrated in the kidneys, liver, spleen, heart, male testes.

Useful facts:

  • Protects the thyroid gland. With a deficiency of a trace element, the hormone-producing function decreases.
  • Taking selenium-containing drugs helps to reduce the level of antithyroid antibodies, improve mood.
  • Reduces, prevents the development of cancer by reducing DNA damage.
  • Improves cellular, humoral immunity. Selenium deficiency contributes to the deterioration of the immune system.
  • It has an antioxidant, protective effect.
  • With a reduced level, anxiety appears, depression, distraction develops.
  • Reduces inflammation in cardiovascular disease. A micronutrient deficiency can increase the risk of coronary artery disease (coronary artery disease). Consumption of vitamin complexes, dietary supplements and other medicines with selenium has a beneficial effect.
  • Reduces pain in pancreatitis. It is enough to take 600 mcg per day to reduce the frequency of exacerbation.
  • Increases memory, mental performance. People with a cognitive impairment like Alzheimer's have low selenium levels.
  • The lungs perform better at higher Se levels.
  • The assimilability of organic and inorganic Se is practically the same.
  • Hemodialysis completely flushes selenium out of the blood. With liver disease, very often people do not get the required amount of a trace element.
  • As a drug interacts with selenomethionine, sodium selenate or selenite. The body absorbs selenomethionine better than selenium from selenite, but inorganic compounds are more toxic.

The amount of selenium-containing food products depends on the quality of the soil. In Russia, the soil is systematically destroyed by fertilizers; the Se supply is below the minimum for more than 80% of Russians.

After 45 years, the deficiency greatly increases, which can lead to stroke, heart attack. Therefore, entering the Balzac age, you need to pay special attention to selenium.

The best Russian vitamins with selenium

Forte with vitamin C tab. No. 60 from Evalar CJSC

BAA (biologically active additive) to food, round brown tablets interspersed with beige. They help to strengthen the immune system, maintain a healthy state of the cardiovascular system.

Earlier, many people mistakenly assumed that Se was not important enough for the body compared to, for example, iron or fluorine. Today it has been proven that the trace element performs the most important functions of the body's vital activity. It should be taken with food, 50-70 mcg daily.

Forte is a dietary supplement. Therefore, for better assimilation, you should additionally take a complex of vitamins, eat right.

Selenium forte with vitamin C tab. No. 60

Composition: Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, calcium stearate, selexene, dyes, food additives, iron oxides.

Indications for use:

  • strengthening of blood vessels;
  • improved heart function;
  • increased immunity;
  • protection of the body from oxidative stress.


  • during pregnancy and lactation;
  • with intolerance to the components.

Impact on ability to drive vehicles - NA.

It is better to consult with a specialist before taking it.

Method of administration, doses: 1 tablet per day. Preferably in the morning. The duration of the course is 1 month.

Storage conditions: Temperature not higher than 25C.

selenium Forte with vitamin C tab. No. 60 from Evalar
  • there is an effect;
  • immunity increases;
  • the body is protected from oxidants;
  • prevents oncology;
  • available at an affordable price;
  • an important trace element for the life of the body.
  • you need to take a course of at least 1 month.

Selenium-asset tab. 250 mg No. 60 from Diode PAO

The Diod company is a leader in the production of innovative medicines, dietary supplements. Foundation year - 1992.

The tablets are white, small. It tastes slightly sour, but pleasant.

With a lack of Se, the preparation provides antioxidant protection, activates antioxidant enzymes, and acts as an additional source of selenium. That is, taking pills as an adjunct to therapy also leads to a decrease in oxidative processes.

The effectiveness of the drug has been proven by the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, as well as by the Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (GNRC).

Selenium-asset tab. 250 mg No. 60

Ingredients: Selexene, sorbitol, calcium stearate, ascorbic acid.

Indications for use:

  • violation of cholesterol metabolism;
  • deficiency of Se, vitamin C;
  • disruption of the oxidative and antioxidant systems.


  • intolerance can cause fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting;
  • breastfeeding mothers, pregnant women, it is better to consult a specialist.

Method of administration, doses: Medical consultation is required. Reception - for adults 1 tablet per day, preferably in the morning. The recommended duration is 1 month.

Storage conditions: Dry, dark place.

Selenium-asset tab. 250 mg No. 60
  • pleasant taste;
  • increases efficiency;
  • strengthens the immune system;
  • improves blood composition;
  • helps with chronic fatigue;
  • normalizes the endocrine system.
  • there are contraindications;
  • headache may appear;
  • best taken with other vitamins;
  • to lower cholesterol, you need to follow a diet, take statins.

Complivit selenium tab. 300 mg No. 60 from Pharmstandard-UfaVita

The pharmaceutical company Pharmstandard is a leader in the production of modern medicines that meet the requirements of healthcare and the expectations of patients. The production facilities of the company (5 modern factories) fully meet the requirements of Russian standards.

Consists of 10 vitamins, 3 minerals, that is, it is a vitamin-mineral complex + 70 mcg of selenium. Replenishes the need for a trace element, reduces the risk of cancer, slows down the aging process. It also protects against heavy metals.

Complivit selenium tab. 300 mg No. 60

Ingredients: Nicotinamide, selenium, vitamin C, tocopherol acetate, thiamine hydrochloride, riboflavin, calcium pantothenate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, retinol acetate, folic acid, cyanocobalamin, manganese, zinc, copper, excipients.

Indications for use:

  • as a source of vitamins, mineral elements;
  • Dietary supplement for food.


  • no data.

Side effects:

  • development of allergic reactions with intolerance.

Method of application, doses: Packing - 60 pieces. Take one tablet daily. Duration - 1 month, after a while you can repeat.

Storage conditions: Relative humidity not more than 60%. The shelf life is indicated on the package - 2 years. Do not take after expiration.

Complivit selenium tab. 300 mg No. 60
  • good multivitamin complex;
  • inexpensive drug;
  • small tablets - easy to swallow;
  • a good combination of vitamins, minerals;
  • the general condition improves;
  • the effect is felt already during the first course of admission.
  • allergic reaction, rash;
  • headache, dizziness;
  • decreased attention and performance.

Blagomax selenium and zinc + vitamins A, E, C, B6 caps 0.4 g No. 90 from VIS LLC

Release form - capsules. Sold in a dark yellow jar. The size is standard. The drug prevents, compensates for the lack of Se and vitamins A, B6, C, E.

  • Se is an important trace element that ensures human life. It has antioxidant properties. Promotes the formation of thyroid hormones, helps the absorption of iodine.
  • Zinc takes part in the fight against infectious diseases, cancer.
  • Vitamin A regulates protein synthesis. It also increases the activity of leukocytes, enhances the resistance of membranes, the formation of bones and teeth. Lack of zinc can disrupt metabolism.
  • B6 improves memory, improves mood. It is the main catalyst for the exchange of amino acids, the synthesis of neurotransmitters of the nervous system. That is, it is needed to improve brain performance.
  • C has a wide range of positive effects on health - it promotes tissue regeneration, improves blood clotting, helps the formation of steroid hormones, and increases resistance to infections.
  • E has a carcinogenic effect, prevents blood clots, is able to rejuvenate the skin, ensures the normal functioning of the muscles, and supports the immune system. And also, due to the antioxidant effect, the vitamin can slow down the aging process of the skin.

Ingredients: Selenium, zinc, vitamins A, B6, C, E.

Indications for use:

  • stressful conditions;
  • mental, physical activity.


  • during pregnancy;
  • during lactation;
  • intolerance to the components, leads to allergic reactions.

Method of administration, doses: 1 capsule 2 times a day. The course is 6 weeks. Repeat if necessary. It is undesirable to combine with medicines containing similar trace elements.

Storage conditions: At a temperature not exceeding 25 C. The shelf life is indicated on the label - 2 years.

Blagomax selenium and zinc + vitamins A, E, C, B6 caps 0.4 g No. 90
  • affordable price;
  • has a positive effect on overall well-being;
  • the skin becomes smooth, does not flake;
  • cheerfulness returns;
  • the condition of hair and nails improves;
  • a healthy complexion appears;
  • contains all the vitamins you need, no need to buy separately.
  • individual intolerance;
  • capsules are not protected from moisture;
  • sold without additional packaging, explanatory note.

Vitamir 100 mcg tab. p / o No. 30 from Kvadrat-S

The company "Kvadrat-S" LLC is distinguished by the use of high quality natural raw materials, originality, and affordable prices.

Selenium from Vitamir will support optimal health. The drug contains selenomethionine, an antioxidant that is easily absorbed by the body. Promotes normal functioning of the immune system, stimulates the thyroid gland, improves human reproductive functions.

 Selenium 100 mcg Vitamir tab. p / o No. 30

Composition: Selenomethionine, lactose, E1201, E570, E464, E1521, E171, E160b.

Indications for use:

  • additional source;
  • Dietary supplement for food.


  • during pregnancy;

Impact on the ability to drive vehicles and machinery - no data available.

Method of administration, doses: 1 tablet per day with meals. The duration of the course is 1 month.

Storage conditions: In a place protected from direct sunlight. Storage temperature - max. +25 C. Expiration date - 36 months.

selenium Vitamir 100 mcg tab. p / o No. 30 from Kvadrat-S
  • strong antioxidant;
  • enhances immunity;
  • helps the body absorb iodine, vitamin E
  • selenomethionine is well absorbed.
  • smell - this is how all selenium preparations smell.

Best Imported Selenium Vitamins

Tablets 100 mcg 100 pcs. from Solgar Vitamin and Herb (USA)

"Solgar" produces natural vitamins, premium dietary supplements. Takes a leading position in the world. Founded in 1947.

The trace element was produced in an easily digestible form - selenomethionine. It has a minimal risk of side effects and is easily tolerated.

A reasonable dosage can bring a lot of benefits to the body. For example, taking a trace element allows you to protect against the aggressive effects of free radicals that destroy cells in the body. In addition, Selenium participates in numerous processes of our body - it affects the reproductive health of men and women, protects joints, retina, blood vessels, and exhibits antioxidant properties.

Selenium tablets 100 mcg 100 pcs.

Composition: Phosphorus, selenium (L-selenomethionine), calcium, calcium phosphate.

Indications for use:

  • failure;
  • Dietary supplement for food.

It is better to consult a specialist.


  • individual intolerance, may cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness;
  • during pregnancy;
  • during breastfeeding.

Method of administration, doses: 1 tablet per day, with meals.

Storage conditions: At a temperature of 15-30 C.

selenium 100 mcg 100 pcs. by Solgar Vitamin and Herb
  • the manufacturer has a good reputation;
  • easily digestible form of selenium;
  • a well-known and proven company, positive reviews;
  • yeast-free, rarely found - most often made on the basis of yeast.
  • cost;
  • specific smell;
  • dosage - the tablets are too big, a negative reaction of the body may appear.

50 mcg tab. # 100 from Nature's Bounty

Nature's Bounty, Inc is the world leader in vitamin and mineral products. For the production uses natural ingredients, the latest technology.

Selenium is an antioxidant that interacts with enzymes of the body's antioxidant system - glutathione peroxidase, protects against free radical damage. And also selenium is a synergist of iodine.

With a deficiency, the work of the thyroid gland worsens, metabolism slows down, and body weight increases. Micronutrient deficiencies can also lead to male infertility.

Selenium 50 mcg tab. No. 100

Composition: 1 tablet contains 28.75 mg of selenium yeast.

Indications for use:

  • an additional source of vitamins;
  • body detoxification:
  • removal of heavy metals from the body;
  • to improve male reproductive function;
  • replenishment of the deficiency of biologically active substances.


  • during pregnancy;
  • intolerance to the components.

It is recommended to consult a specialist before taking it.

Method of administration, doses: 2 tablets per day with meals. Duration - 1 month

Storage conditions: At room temperature, out of the reach of children.

Selenium 50 mcg tab. # 100 from Nature's Bounty
  • quality goods;
  • proven brand;
  • easily transferred;
  • small pills.
  • cost;
  • the bank is only half full by volume.

Multivita Selenium + Zinc with mango and passionfruit flavor tab. spike. No. 20 from Hemofarm

The Serbian pharmaceutical company Hemofarm was founded in 1960. Has representative offices in various countries. The factories are equipped in accordance with GMP and GLP standards, which allows them to sell products on the markets of the USA and the European Union.

Multivita has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant properties. Regulates the digestive system.

Ingredients: L-ascorbic acid, folic acid, beta-carotene, tocopherol acetate, zinc gluconate, L-selenomethionine, lactose monohydrate, purified water, flavors, excipients.

Indications for use:

  • deficit;
  • Dietary supplement for food;
  • fortifying agent;
  • prevention of bronchial asthma.


  • during pregnancy;
  • individual intolerance.

Side effects:

  • drowsiness, headache;
  • dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspepsia;
  • hives, itching, allergic rashes.

Method of application, doses: Pre-dissolve. 1 tablet daily with meals. Duration - 20 days. Repeat if necessary.

Storage conditions: Temperature - no higher than 25 C. Shelf life - 2.5 years

Multivita Selenium + Zinc with mango and passionfruit flavor tab. spike. No. 20 from Hemofarm
  • pleasant taste;
  • good dosage.
  • side effects;
  • the dissolution process is not very fast.

E & Selenium tab. # 60 from MegaFood

Yellowish tablets with multi-colored splashes.

MegaFood is an American high quality natural supplement company. Year of foundation - 1973. In production, he uses Chinese methods of treatment with herbs and plants in conjunction with scientific technologies and developments.

E & Selenium dietary supplement consists of certified organic herbs, nutritional ingredients, fruits, vegetables.

The packaging is designed for 6 months. Promotes Nervous System Health. It is made from natural products, nutritional yeast and nutrients. Easy to digest, even on an empty stomach.

 E & Selenium tab. No. 60

Ingredients: Vitamin E; selenium; baker's yeast; beet root, turmeric, ginger; rosemary, parsley, oregano leaf; brown rice; broccoli; carrot; spinach.

Indications for use:

  • failure;
  • Dietary supplement for food.


  • pregnancy, breastfeeding;
  • individual intolerance.

Method of administration, doses: 1 tablet per day. At any time, you can even on an empty stomach.

Storage conditions: Out of reach of children. Do not use if safety ring is broken or missing.

E & Selenium tab. # 60 from MegaFood
  • the taste is pleasant;
  • the capsules are large, but it is not difficult to swallow;
  • a burst of energy immediately after ingestion;
  • general fatigue gradually disappears;
  • the skin becomes smooth, clean;
  • affects immunity, blood vessels, heart.
  • cost;
  • an allergic reaction - can cause dermatitis;
  • intestinal dysfunction.

Now Foods 100 mcg Tablets # 250

Now Foods is an American company that manufactures vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements, amino acids. Founded in 1948.

 Selenium tab. 100 mcg # 250

Ingredients: L-selenomethionine, white rice flour, magnesium stearate, stearic acid, calcium carbonate (E170).

Indications for use:

  • Dietary supplement for food;
  • fortifying drug;
  • prevention of cancer;
  • failure.


  • during pregnancy;
  • individual intolerance.

Method of administration, doses: 1 tablet per day with meals. Duration - 1 month.

Storage conditions: Temperature not higher than +25 C.

selenium 100 mcg # 250 from Now Foods
  • yeast-free component;
  • the effect is noticeable after a couple of days;
  • irritation disappears, mood improves;
  • the drug is good for the prevention of many diseases;
  • has a positive effect on reproductive function;
  • improves the condition of the skin, hair, nails;
  • helps to remove heavy metals.
  • specific smell;
  • fatigue, loss of strength returns between the receptions;
  • an allergic reaction - rashes appear on the skin.

When there is too little selenium

Deficiency symptoms include:

  • inflammation of muscle tissue;
  • muscle weakness;
  • fragility of erythrocytes;
  • degeneration of the pancreas;
  • pseudo albinism.

A decrease in the amount of a trace element is also associated with pathological conditions, for example, infertility, impaired immune function, and oncological processes.

The consequences of critical deficiency in pregnant women are as follows: sudden death immediately after birth; slow growth; late puberty; violation of reproductive function.

Also, the consequences can be aging of vital organs, early menopause, cataracts, atherosclerosis and other components of old age.

Taking supplements or vitamins containing this trace mineral will improve the condition. In addition, supplements help to strengthen the immune system.

When there is too much selenium

900 mcg per day is a toxic dose. To feel mild symptoms of poisoning, it is enough to eat a dozen ripe Brazil nuts or a kilogram of tuna at a time.

Signs of excess:

  • pallor of the skin;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • hair loss;
  • flushed face;
  • muscle spasms;
  • brittle nails;
  • skin rash.

The increased content is fraught with heart attack, renal failure, as well as serious diseases of the nervous system and gastrointestinal tract.

It is usually found where there are natural selenium ore beds. Sometimes it is observed in people living far from mines, as a result of the pursuit of a healthy lifestyle or uncontrolled use of drugs with this microelement

To protect yourself from excess, you need to adhere to a healthy diet, monitor your weight, and sleep well.

Doctor's advice

In people living far from the sea, Selenium enters the body in small doses. A normal diet does not provide the body's daily requirement, and it can be poorly absorbed. Therefore, doctors recommend that adults take additional selenium-containing drugs.

Children - to competently organize meals with organic vegetables and products with Se.


Selenium was not a popular nutrient a few decades ago.

Today, scientists have proven that a trace element is critical for health - it affects the activity of components of antioxidant systems and hormonal metabolism of the thyroid gland.

A balanced diet in 2020 is the best way to promote health. However, most foods contain very low levels of the micronutrient.

A constructive way out of the situation is to take vitamin complexes, biological supplements or other selenium-containing drugs.

Remember. Self-medication is dangerous. Reception must be agreed with a specialist.